A type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and generally left after the baby is born is known as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). It is detected in a pregnant woman when her normal blood glucose levels goes higher during her pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is now a common problem and affecting around 5-10 percent pregnant women all over the world. Gestational diabetes usually occurs in 24 to 28 week of pregnancy. Although, there is not any visible reason of developing gestational diabetes but a female is at the risk of having Gestational diabetes, if she has
- Age 25 or above
- Have a family history of diabetes
- Have a family history of Gestational diabetes
- Had Gestational diabetes from previous pregnancies
- Have given a birth to a large baby previously
Some special blood tests are used to detect the gestational diabetes. A screening test known as glucose challenge test (GCT)is used to measure glucose level after one hour of glucose drink. If the test is positive then an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is performed. OGTT is performed by the blood which is taken before and after 2 hours of glucose drink.
Detect with Gestational diabetes is disturbing but it is also true that majority of women suffering with the disease deliver a healthy baby and have a normal delivery. The treatment for gestational diabetes is eating healthy food, physical activities, and maintaining and monitoring a normal blood glucose level. Sometimes insulin injections are essential for the pregnant woman to control the diabetes to rest of her pregnancy.
Nyle women’s and children super-specialty hospital, Thrissur is one of the best woman and child care centre in Kerala. The doctors in the hospital are highly qualified and experienced. The hospital has all the modern facilities to care woman and children.