Date : 31-10-2017

A baby gets all the protections from the mother before coming in the world. But, when a baby enters a new environment many-body systems of baby’s body changes from the way they are working in fetal life. Now, Baby body systems work differently in a new environment. Sometimes, these changes become more challenging when baby born prematurely, has birth defects or having a difficult delivery. At this time, neonatal intensive care units help these babies by proving intensive care and specialized treatment facilities to cure them.

What is the role of neonatal intensive care unit?

The role of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in a hospital is providing a special area to treat babies that need intensive medical attention. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit is a combination of trained health care professionals and advanced technology to provide highly specialized care to the smallest patients. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit also has a dedicate place to care those babies who are not sick but need specialized nursing care

Which babies need special care?

Babies who
  • Are premature (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy)
  • Have a medical condition that needs special care
  • Born with birth defect that needs treatment
  • Have low birth weight
  • Babies with any heart problem, infections or internal injuries

What are the risks factors that can place a baby at high risk?

  • Maternal factors such as drug abuse, age less than 16 or more than 40, hypertension, bleeding, sexually transmitted diseases, or multiple pregnancies
  • Delivery factors such as birth asphyxia or fatal distress, meconium, breech delivery nuchal cord, or cesarean delivery
  • Baby factors such as born prematurely, low birth weight, physically small for gestational age, respiratory problems, infections, low blood sugar, need special treatment like the blood transfusion or intravenous therapy.

Who will care babies in the NICU?

Specially trained healthcare professionals are placed to care newborn babies with problems. They are

  • Neonatologist
  • Respiratory therapists
  • Occupational therapists
  • Lactation consultants
  • Pharmacists
  • Hospital staff
  • Nurses

Nyle women’s and children super-specialty hospital, Thrissur has all the facilities to treat babies with special care. The staff of NICU in the hospital has work in a team with the parents to make a plan of care for high-risk babies.
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