Gynecological-Cancers

Managing Gynaecologic Cancer at Nyle Hospital

A woman is subjected to examination for gynaecologic cancer, if there seems to be an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in any of their reproductive organs. There are 5 types of gynaecologic cancers that arise in various places of the pelvis region, either below the abdomen or between the bones of the hip. Each type of gynaecologic cancer varies considerably with difference in signs and symptoms, risk factors and managing strategies. Almost all women are at highest risk of gynaecologic cancers and the possibility may increase from adulthood. Upon detection of gynaecologic cancers at early stage, treatment is found to be effective. The most common types of gynaecologic cancer affecting the reproductive organs of a woman include cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Women usually do not show any kind of symptom until the transformation of normal cells into cancerous cells affecting the deepest cervical parts or any other pelvic organs. Some of the common symptoms of cervical cancer include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Foul smelling vaginal discharge
  • Pain and bleeding after intercourse

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is also termed as “silent killer” since a woman is seen with the symptoms only at the later stage. However, common symptoms that confirm the presence of ovarian cancer in women include:

  • Sudden and extreme onset of bloating
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Difficulty in eating or feeling of fullness
  • Urinary signs including urgency for urination frequently

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer

The common sign that serves as a warning for the onset of endometrial or uterine cancer is the unusual vaginal bleeding. If this symptom is taken seriously and examined for uterine cancer, it can be cured by proper treatment. Other caution symptoms include:

  • Spotting or vaginal bleeding even after menopause
  • Unusual or heavy bleeding between and during periods
  • Watery white or pink vaginal discharge
  • Persistent pain in the pelvic area or lower abdomen for 2 or more weeks
  • Painful sexual intercourse

Symptoms of Vaginal Cancer

Generally, vaginal cancer symptoms do not occur until the advancement of cancer. These include:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Abnormal and foul odour vaginal discharge
  • Pain during sexual activity
  • Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer

Some of the common symptoms of vulvar cancer include:

  • A white, pink or red bump(s) having wart-like surface
  • Whitish area near the vagina having a rough texture
  • Continuous itching of vagina
  • Burning sensation or pain during urination
  • Bleeding or vaginal discharge not linked to menstruation
  • Ulcer or open sore lasting for 1 or more months

Self-examinations and regular monitoring or screenings can facilitate the detection of gynaecologic cancer at the initial stage, thereby allowing the treatment to be successful and letting complete cure. Any woman must be aware of her family’s medical history that may serve as a cause for occurrence of gynaecologic cancer. If so, precautionary measures and early diagnosis can be done. Lifestyle activities including balanced diet and regular exercise can help in preventing cancer.