HIV/AIDS and Pregnancy – Care for Mother and Baby at Nyle Hospital
Every woman endeavours for motherhood, one of the beautiful experiences in her life. Regardless of any health issues, including HIV infection, many women crave to rear children. In such instance, a woman must know the possible complications associated with her pregnancy and childbirth as a HIV positive domain. HIV can transmit from mother to baby during thegestational weeks, during labour and delivery or throughbreast milk. She must seek proper medical support to reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to her offspring. It is better to discuss with the healthcare provider about the conception and prenatal care needed for healthy baby. Becoming aware of the effects of mothers and babys health due to HIV from a well-experienced physician can help to pass the toughest days with desired results.
Steps to Be Followed to Lower the Risk of HIV Transmission from Mother to Baby
- Becoming as healthy and strong as possible before planning for pregnancy.
- Being treated for HIV before becoming pregnant. If not, medication is required immediately during pregnancy. Some of the HIV drugs must strictly be avoided during pregnancy, while some need dosage changes.
- Testing of baby for HIV immediately after birth. If detected with HIV, proper monitoring and treatment is mandatory for the kid.
- Putting the baby under regular follow-ups to avoid other infections until the discovery of HIV.
Factors that Increase the Risk of Transmission from Mother to Baby
A child is more prone to receive HIV infection from his or her mother if:
- She is in the condition of more advanced state of HIV infection orAIDS
- She the viral load is too high or a very lessCD4 count
- The water surrounding the baby breaks at least 4 h before labour
- She delivers the baby through vaginal openingdue to high viral load
- The labour is found to be difficult demanding forceps or episiotomy
- She has subjected to genital infection or STD, such asChlamydia, bacterial vaginosis
- She consumes prohibited medicines during pregnancy
- Shegives breast milk to her baby
- The HIV infection happens during pregnancy
- She has HIV-related illnesses, including opportunistic infection such aspneumocystispneumonia
- Avoiding medicines that were prescribed for HIV
- Untreated or ignored STDs can increase the risk
- During pregnancy, decisions concerning the care of mother and baby will be influenced by the viral load, and whether it is detectable or undetectable. If the mother has not initiated her treatment, she must definitely begin it before 24 weeks as the baby may have grown at this point. If the woman is diagnosed with HIV only after 28 weeks, she must immediately start with HIV treatment. After childbirth, the HIV treatment will be reviewed and changed by the doctor.