Immunizations-0-6years

Immunizations for 0 6 Years Children at Nyle Hospital

Prevention is better than cure is one of the wisest saying which applies to healthy living. Vaccination is one of the smartest ways to protectany babyfrom the hands of infectious diseases. The Government undertakers several measures to save the life of children through vaccinations. Children are vaccinated according to the age. The vaccination schedule of 0 6 years children is as follows:

After Birth

Mandatory vaccines

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin) – This is given immediately after birth to prevent tuberculosis. Causes slight swelling in the injected place.
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) This is given to avoid poliomyelitis that damages the nervous system and cause paralysis or muscle weakness during childhood.
  • Hepatitis B This is given to protect against hepatitis B virus causing liver infection. It must be injected within 12 hours from the birth time.

6 Weeks (1.5 Months)

Mandatory vaccines

  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus) This is given to prevent upper respiratory disorders (diphtheria), whooping cough (pertussis) and tetanus. Chances for causing mild fever, swelling and pain in the injected area.
  • OPV
  • Hepatitis B
  • HIB (Haemophilus Influnezae Type B) This is injected to prevent meningitis, a condition affecting the surrounding membrane of spinal cord and brain. The injected spot may turn slightly red with pain and swelling.

Optional vaccines

  • PCV This is given to protect babies against pneumococcal diseases which is caused by the bacteria, Streptococcus Pneumonia.

10 Weeks (2.5 Months)

Mandatory vaccines

  • DPT
  • OPV
  • Hepatitis B
  • HIB
  • IPV (inactivated polio vaccine) It eradicates even the less chance of getting polio after previous dose of OVP

Optional vaccines

  • PCV

14 Weeks (2.5 Months)

Mandatory vaccines

  • OPV
  • DPT
  • HIB
  • IPV

Optional vaccines

  • PCV

6 Months

Mandatory vaccines

  • Hepatitis B

Optional vaccines

  • B Rotavirus This is given to protect against the infection of rotavirus causing diarrhoea in infants. The first dose is followed by the second dose exactly after 1 month gap.
  • Influenza This is given to protect against flu or infection of the respiratory system caused by influenza virus.

9 Months

Mandatory vaccines

  • Measles This is given to prevent measles, a contagious viral infection starting as cold and cough along with rashes and slowly progressing to diarrhoea, pneumonia, and finally brain infection resulting in death, if not treated.

12 Months or 1 Year

Mandatory vaccines

  • Varicella This is the primary vaccine given to save children from chickenpox.

15 Months or 1.3 Year

Mandatory vaccines

  • MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) This is given to prevent Mumps, measles, and rubella. The disease symptoms include swelling of salivary glands, headache, fever, muscle pain and tiredness. Complication of the disease leads to encephalitis (swelling of brain), meningitis, inflammation of ovaries or testicles and deafness.
  • IPV (inactivated polio vaccine) This is given in the form of injection.

Optional vaccines

  • Pneumococcal Booster
  • 18 Months or 1.5 Years

    Mandatory vaccines

  • OPV Booster
  • DPT Booster
  • Hepatitis A This is given to prevent the infection of liver by hepatitis A virus.
  • HIB

24 months or 2 Years

Mandatory vaccines

  • Typhoid vaccine This is given to prevent the infection caused by typhoid bacillus
  • Hepatitis A

4 Years

  • MMR

5 6 Years

  • OPV Booster
  • DPT
  • Varicella