Neurodevelopmental Clinics for High-risk Newborns

The newborns neurodevelopmental follow-up clinics provide services to high-risk babies from birth to childhood. Any infant is grouped as high-risk, if the birth was declared premature or incorporated with unexpected medical issues. Such babies are associated with feeding, growth and neurodevelopmental difficulties. Neurodevelopmental clinics for high-risk newborns functions more like NICU for outpatients.

Although the baby can be accompanied to home, it still requires special attention and care provided by specialists. The high risk clinics provide the essential transitional care for babies sent from NICU to normal paediatric department. Generally, such clinics are referred by neonatologists after leaving NICU. The referrals are done to get benefited from the coordinated care and services offered by neurodevelopmental clinics.

Neurodevelopmental disorders of babies indicate the impairments in the growth and development of the central nervous system (CNS) orbrain. A narrowed usage of the term indicates the disorder of the brain functionaffecting learning ability,emotions,memory and self-control,and that which worsens as the childgrows. Autismandautism spectrumdisorders are the most common forms of disorders seen in children.

Disorders grouped underneurodevelopmentalcategory, or that which initiate neurodevelopmental consequences during infancy and childhood are as follows:

  • Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
  • Traumatic brain injurysuch ascongenitalinjuries due tocerebral palsy
  • Autismandautism spectrumdisorders includingAsperger syndrome
  • Motor disorderssuch asdisorder of the stereotypic movement and developmental coordination and Tourette syndrome
  • Communication, language and speech disorders
  • Down syndrome
  • Genetic disorders (fragile-X syndrome)
  • Mendelsohnn’s syndrome
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Schizotypal personality disorder
  • Schizophrenia

Neurodevelopmental disorders are incorporated with wide range of difficulties influencing the mental, physical, emotional and economic status of individual, the family and society on the whole. The neurodevelopmental clinics at Nyle Hospital assist newborns by rendering:

  • Comprehensive, specialized multidisciplinaryneurodevelopmental consultations and evaluations
  • Treatment for babies with neurodevelopmental disorders, particularly Autism spectrum disorders. Services relate to problem-focused, concise treatments for behavioural, social and developmental issues
  • Psychiatric medication, examination and treatment
  • Genetic testing
  • Speech and language evaluations along with treatment consultations

During the clinic visits, the healthcare team monitors or interacts with the little patients and trigger lots of questions to rate the level of improvement upon increase of age. Along with the regular examination and procedures, the physicians tend to assess the childsdevelopmental progress related to:

  • Neuromotor functions so as to measure muscle strengths and weakness
  • Nutrition of child for proper physical growth and development
  • Language development such as listening and speech ability
  • Social interaction skills including childs ability to mingle and interact with outsiders other than family member or to recognize the names of their own and others