Ophthalmology Department at Nyle Hospital Efficacious Care for Eye and Vision


Ophthalmology refers to the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, functions and all diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists are medical specialists who care for eyes and the vision. They are specially trained for rendering complete eye care, right from prescription of glasses to delicate and complex eye surgeries.

Subspecialties in Ophthalmology

Several subspecialties of ophthalmology include:

Cornea and External Eye

This subspecialty is involved in diagnosing and treating any diseases of sclera, cornea, eyelids and conjunctiva such as microbial infections, corneal dystrophies, corneal and conjunctival tumours. It also includes inflammatory processes as well as anterior ocular manifestation of certain systemic diseases. Ophthalmologists undergo special training to perform corneal surgery or corneal transplant surgery for correcting refractive errors.


This subspecialty is involved in treating glaucoma and other related eye disorders that can cause damage of optic nerve due to increased intraocular pressure. Ophthalmologists provide medical as well as surgical treatment for children and adults.


This subspecialty is involved in managing neurologic and ophthalmologic diseases of eye. It also controls local pathology that affects the optic nerve (neurologic) and visual pathways (ophthalmic). About half the percentage of intracranial lesions affects the oculomotor or visual pathways. Most of the neuro-ophthalmology procedures include nonsurgical methods, but sometimes, it is clubbed with orbit and eye surgery.

Ophthalmic Pathology

Ophthalmic pathologists are different from general pathologist by undergoing both ophthalmology and pathology training. This subspecialty involves unique blend of skills and hence any examination of tissue specimens collected from adnexa and eye are performed by ophthalmic pathologist instead of general pathologist.

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery

This subspecialty deals with patients who require oculofacial plastic surgery. It involves a combination of facial plastic surgery with periocular and orbital surgery such as eyelid surgery, orbital surgery, facial plastic surgery and lacrimal surgery.

Paediatric Ophthalmology

The subspecialty is involved in the both surgical and medical treatment of amblyopia, strabismus, developmental and genetic abnormalities along with several types of inflammatory, neoplastic and traumatic conditions found to occur in the past 20 years. In addition, it involves ocular manifestation of systemic eye disorders.

Vitreoretinal Diseases

This subspecialty is involved in surgical and medical management of vitreoretinal and retinal diseases. It is also involved in treating different types of diseases such as manifestation of genetic, local and systemic diseases that affect vitreous and retina. Diagnostic procedures involve interpretation of results obtained from fluorescein angiography, ultrasound and electrophysiology. Commonly used treatments include cryotherapy, laser therapy, vitrectomy (removal of vitreous) and retinal detachment surgery.