Paediatric-endocrinology

Paediatric Endocrinology & Services Provided at Nyle Hospital

Human body is subjected to several disorders of the glands which led to the development of medical subspecialty the Endocrinology. The endocrine glands are very important in children and teens as the hormones needed for proper growth, sexual development and general health are produced by them. Paediatric endocrinology is the subspecialty involved in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine and metabolic problems. The service provided by paediatric endocrinologists to children are far different from those served to adults.

Paediatric Endocrinology Service

The services involve diagnosis and rehabilitation of children suffering with hypoglycaemia, diabetes mellitus and various disorders associated with sexual maturation, physical growth, pituitary function,thyroid function, and phosphorous and calcium metabolism. Generally, most of the endocrinology treatment is delivered to kids by collaboration of paediatric endocrinologists with several other specialists of the vascular surgery, radiology, ophthalmology, oncology and cardiology department.

The paediatric endocrine assessment centre provides endocrine diagnostic tests for children until teenage covering the areas of amino acid, carbohydrate, lipid and mineral metabolism and endocrinology. In addition, it acknowledges certain tests that help to identify growth abnormalities as well as the causes of such conditions. All tests associated with paediatric endocrinology-related problems including growth disorders, thyroid, adrenal glands, hypothalamus, pubertal and sexual development, pituitary, diabetes mellitus, and phosphorus and calcium metabolism are carried out considering the age and health condition of each child.

Condition Treated Include

Pituitary Disorders

  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Hypoglycaemia

Thyroid Gland Disorders

  • Hypoparathyroidism or hypocalcemia
  • Vitamin D deficiencies
  • Hypophosphatemic Rickets

Puberty and Sexual Development Disorders

  • Ambiguous genitalia
  • Gender dysphoria
  • Male gynaecomastia
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Early or late puberty
  • Androgen insensitivity
  • Congenital Adrenal Hypoplasia
  • Delayed puberty and poor sexual development

Syndromes

  • Klinefelter’s Syndrome
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome
  • Turner Syndrome

Adrenal Gland Disease

  • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

The core services provided to children include:

Puberty and Growth

  • Assessing and managing early or late puberty
  • Assessing and managing inappropriately short or tall stature

Diabetes Service

  • Screening test for children at the risk of diabetes
  • Long-term diabetes care for diabetic related complications
  • Initiating insulin pump and maintaining follow-up visits
  • Providing diabetes awareness and counselling services to parents and public
  • Monitoring and treating Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and paediatric insulin resistance children

Thyroid Clinical Service

  • Assessing and managing thyroid gland disorders (hyper- and hypo-functioning)
  • Continuous therapy for congenital hypothyroidism, Hashimoto’s disease and Grares’ disease

Other Specialised Services

Lipid Clinical Service

  • Managing congenital lipid disorders
  • Managing hypercholesterolemia, a condition prone to increase the risk of coronary vascular disease in children

Pituitary Hormone Clinical Service

  • Care for children diagnosed with primary Hypopituitarism and secondary hypopituitarism (for instance, pituitary hemosiderosis)

Others

  • Managing adrenal disease of childhood
  • Managing ambiguous genitalia as well as developmental disorders
  • Managing rickets