Prenatal Care for Pregnant Women Reliable at Nyle Hospital
Prenatal care is nothing but the health care a woman receives during her pregnancy.The key to have a healthy foetus is providing proper care to mothers health. The healthier a mother is, the stronger will be the baby. Any woman must follow these basic things for normal delivery and healthy baby:
- Consulting a healthcare provider right from the day a woman knows she is pregnant
- Eating healthy foods, especially vegetables, fruits, eggs, low-fat milk products, pulses and grains
- Strictly avoiding alcohol, cigarettes and drugs
- Sensible planning of exercises and regular activities
- Following the doctors visit as scheduled both before and after delivery
During every prenatal care visits, the physician will ensure that mother and foetus are hale and healthy. Some women take up the care before pregnancy referred as preconception planning or pre-pregnancy care. Along with regular checkups, mother must undergo all prenatal testing suggested by the doctor.
Sometimes, the gynaecologists may refer for consultation with other specialists, if the mother is found to have high-risk pregnancy. The reasons that may increase the risk include:
- Woman is subjected to chronic conditions, including heart problems or diabetes
- High-risk ofpreterm labour
- Womans age being 35 or above
- Multiple foetuses
- Any other complicating factors that might increase the risk
A pregnant woman is subjected to complete physical and rectal and pelvic examination. The blood sample is collected from mother for the following screening tests:
- Complete blood cell count (CBC)
- Type of blood and Rh antibodies screening
- For detecting infections including Chlamydia, hepatitis, gonorrhoea, syphilis as well as human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- For detecting previous evidence of measles, chickenpox, mumps, or German measles and giving the necessary vaccinations
- Fordetection of cystic fibrosis,if there seem to be a family history. It is necessary to discuss with the healthcare provider and check for the requirement of genetic tests.
- During the 1st visit, urine sample would be collected for confirmation of pregnancy and Pap test would be done for detecting cervical cancer. Urine samples will be tested periodically for knowing the sugar and protein levels. Excess protein is the indication of preeclampsia, a condition characterized by sudden shoot up of blood pressure (BP) and more weight gain, along with fluid accumulation and presence of protein in urine.The frequency of hospital visit varies for healthy and high-risk mothers. Generally, women with pregnancy complications are called anytime for examination based on their severity. On the other hand, healthy mother can expect her visits as follows:
- Every 4 weeks (once in a month) till the completion of 28th week
- Every 2 weeks (twice in a month) until 36th week
- Every week or once in 3 days until deliveryDuring each examination, mothers weight and BP are recorded mandatorily. The shape and size of the uterus may also be examined on the onset of 22nd week to check whether the foetus growth and development is normal.